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生日! It's Our Birthday!


RUTH: Hello and welcome to another programme in the series 'Say It Again'. My name is Ruth and with me this week, I have Lee Kee. Welcome. Today is a special programme as we're celebrating our first birthday! 'Say It Again' is one year old today. In this special birthday programme, we celebrate with Grace and Paul in our drama. Lee Kee, can you tell me anything special that happened on your last birthday?

LEE KEE: I was at work that day and delivered a baby girl. Have you ever had anything special happened to you on your birthday, Ruth?

RUTH: Yes, several times my dad took me to see a musical show in London. It was wonderful.

RUTH: Our drama today has Grace waking up on the morning of her birthday. She talks with her brother Paul about all the preparations that need to be made for her party. Paul also gives her a birthday present. Listen out for what it is.

Conversation

RUTH: Lee Kee, did you hear what Paul gave Grace as a birthday present?

LEE KEE: Grace said that it was a 'lovely gold necklace'.

RUTH: That's right! Grace went on to say, 'Oh I must get up.'

LEE KEE: She had to get up or there wouldn't be any food ready for the party.

RUTH: Yes, it was necessary. She 'had to' or 'she'd got to' get up. 'Had to', 'got to' and 'must' all say that it was necessary. In England, there's a tradition when it's someone's birthday, to sing to them the 'Happy Birthday' song. Lee Kee, did you hear Grace say 'must' again?

LEE KEE: Yes, Grace said, 'We must make the fruit salad.'

RUTH: Paul then said later, 'I must go back to the supermarket.'

LEE KEE: 'I must go back to the supermarket.' 'We must make the fruit salad.' Does the word 'must' always mean the same?

RUTH: Yes! 'Must' never changes. The opposite of 'must' is 'need not', which in its shortened form of 'not' is 'needn't.

LEE KEE: The opposite to 'must' is 'needn't'?

RUTH: Yes, that's right.

LEE KEE: If it's necessary, I say 'must'. And if it's not necessary, I say 'needn't'.

RUTH: How about practising some sentences that have 'must' or 'needn't' in them? I'll say them first. You repeat them after me with Lee Kee. 'You must get up or you'll be late for work.'

LEE KEE: 'You must get up or you'll be late for work.'

RUTH: Let's try a sentence with 'needn't' in it. 'Grace is happy, because she needn't get up!'

LEE KEE: 'Grace is happy, because she needn't get up!'

RUTH: Lee Kee, this time I'll give you an idea and then you try and make up an answer using the word 'must'. Tell your visitor not to drink the water from the tap. It is not safe!

LEE KEE: 'You must not drink the tap water. It is not safe to drink.'

RUTH: That's right! You say, 'You must not'. This is to stop or forbid someone from drinking the polluted water. This is the strongest use of the word 'must'. Let's try the same with the word 'needn't'. You are telling your friend that they don't have to go shopping.

LEE KEE: I'd say, 'You needn't go shopping as I went yesterday.'

RUTH: Yes, that's right. There will be a chance at the end of today's 'Say It Again' programme for you to practice each of these sentences again.

RUTH: Today's true story continues what we heard about Ayrton Senna last time. Ayrton was born in Sao Paolo, Brazil in 1960. Through determination and genius, he became 'Formula One's Racing World Champion'. It was at the height of his racing career that tragically he died. Andrew is reading Ayrton's story.

Story Testimony

Ayrton Senna became known for his lightning-fast style of driving, his deep Christian faith, his loyalty to his family and his total commitment to his chosen past time, that of Formula One. From the start, he displayed a Midas touch, that is to say, that everything he did, he did it very well. People are queuing up to put him behind the wheel of their Formula One cars, and it was at this time that he became known as a shrewd and tough negotiator. He didn't mess around with people. He would use all the resources at his disposal to get what he wanted and usually, he succeeded in getting things to go his way.

One rare occasion that he did let his guard down was when he and his boss were arguing over how much Ayrton would be paid. Ayrton was asking for 2 million pounds more than his boss was prepared to give him. They agreed literally on a toss of the coin. Senna lost.

Always quick off the mark, often controversial in his driving style, the sight of his yellow crash helmet and his red and white car caused anxiety in the drivers in front of him as he zoomed up behind them, ready to overtake them in an instance. Away from the circuits however, he was a different man. There was a relaxed and gentle side to Ayrton that was directly at odds with the perfectionist, highly professionally driver that most people saw at the race track. He adored his parents and family and he always had this ability to put young children totally at ease. Christianity played a big part in his life which was tragically cut short when he crashed into a wall at more than 260 kilometres an hour during the Italian Grand Prix. He should be remembered as one of the greatest drivers of his time.

RUTH: It was a sad day for Formula One motor racing when Ayrton Senna died. It was very moving to see the pictures of the thousands of people who came out onto Brazil's streets to mourn their hero. Ayrton lived his life to the full. His faith in Jesus Christ, God's Son, was very real to him and it was good to see so many people acknowledging his faith as they mourned his death.

RUTH: We're approaching the end of another 'Say It Again' programme. As always, there's the opportunity to practice again the sentences we've heard at the beginning. In today's English lesson, Lee Kee and I have been practising the words 'must' and its opposite 'needn't'. I'll say each of the sentences we practised earlier. Why don't you say them again after me with Lee Kee? 'You must get up or you'll be late for work.'

LEE KEE: 'You must get up or you'll be late for work.'

RUTH: That's right. Now let's repeat the sentence we practised earlier using the word 'needn't'. 'Grace is happy, because she needn't get up!'

LEE KEE: 'Grace is happy, because she needn't get up!'

RUTH: Lee Kee and I played a little game. I gave Lee Kee a little situation. I said that she had to make up a sentence using the word 'must', stopping her friend from drinking water that's not safe. Lee Kee said, 'You must not drink the tap water. It's not safe to drink.' Why don't you repeat that with Lee Kee?

LEE KEE: 'You must not drink the tap water. It's not safe to drink.'

RUTH: I said that using 'must' like that is almost a command. Saying that 'you must not' do something is very important. 'You must not touch the fire or you will get burnt.' In many ways you use the word 'must' to warn people of danger. This is another way of using the word 'must'. There was one last sentence that Lee Kee said. I'll repeat that now - 'You needn't go shopping as I went yesterday.'

LEE KEE: 'You needn't go shopping as I went yesterday.'

RUTH: I am sorry to say that Lee Kee and I must finish now. We hope that you have enjoyed our birthday 'Say It Again' programme. Until our next programme, goodbye from Lee Kee and me.

BOTH: Goodbye.

[ mp3 ]
- updated every Tuesday afternoon -

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